Research- Guide to Resources

Researching the First World War- Guide to Resources

Resources in Poole History Centre

Poole and Dorset Herald

The newspaper is an invaluable resource. The local newspaper is a primary source, a first hand account of the time and provides a wealth of information.  For example, information about individual servicemen- which sometimes includes a photo, letters from those in service, information about the community and their response to war and a local view of national events.  The newspaper can be accessed in different ways- on microfilm, digitised files and printed files of significant events.

Parish magazines

Some parish magazines from the Parkstone area published during the war are: ‘The Parkstone Reminder’ and ‘St. Osmunds parish magazine’.

Books

We have a selection of reading material to aid research. This includes books about the Dorsetshire Regiment, the Queen’s Yeomanry, local war memorials, the Red Cross in Dorset and the cordite factory at Holton Heath. There are also books on how to trace your WWI ancestors and use military records.

Photographs

A selection of First World War photographs are available to view.

Ancestry website

Free access to this website in Poole History Centre allows access to a number of First World War resources:

England Census & Voter Lists

The census was first taken in 1801 and has been taken every 10 years (except 1941) ever since. Everyone should have been counted including those at sea, on canal boats, in barracks and in institutions.

The 1911 census is a valuable tool for researching families and life just before the war.

England Military

British Army WW1 Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920

The Medal Index Cards collection is the most complete listing of individuals who fought in the British Army in WWI, containing approximately 90% of soldiers’ names. The Index Cards were created in order to keep in one place details about a soldier’s medal entitlement.

British Army WW1 Pension Records 1914-1920

This database contains service records of non-commissioned officers and other ranks who were discharged from the Army and claimed disability pensions for service in WWI. These were also men who did not re-enlist in the Army prior to World War II. Approximately 5 million men served in the British Army in World War One (WWI) and these records contain many of them, especially if they claimed a pension.

This is useful for tracing ancestors who did not die in WW1, if a record exists it often contains a wealth of useful information including previous addresses, next of kin and physical descriptions.

British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920

This database contains the surviving service records of non-commissioned officers and other ranks who served in WWI and did not re-enlist in the Army prior to World War II. The British Army World War One Service Records are War Office (WO) records also known as the WO363 records and the ‘Burnt Documents.’ In 1940 there was a World War Two bombing raid on the War Office in London where the records were held. During this raid, a large portion (approximately 60 percent) of the 6.5 million records was destroyed by fire. The surviving service records have become known as the ‘Burnt Documents’.

Although many of these records suffered water damage following the bombing raid, all surviving service and pension records were microfilmed by The National Archives, where both collections are held, as part of a major TNA conservation project.

Absent Voters Lists

The 1918 General Election gave the right to vote to all men over the age of 21, women over the age of 30 and military personnel over the age of 19. To qualify they had to register before the 18th August 1918. The first list of Absent Voters was hastily compiled and published in October 1918 containing many errors. Servicemen were given a second chance to register and a second list was published April 1919. After this lists were published twice a year in Spring and Autumn.

The lists give a name, home address, military service number and regiment, battalion or name of a ship.

Absent Voters Lists are included in the Dorset Electoral registers found on Ancestry.

Websites

Poole at War

http://www.pooleatwar.com/go/roh/more/war/of/WW1/

This site is dedicated to those brave men and women from Poole and the surrounding areas who gave their lives for their country. Name, rank, and memorial are recorded.

Poole History Online – Search for: events, by date, First World War

http://www.poolehistory.org.uk/taxonomy/term/218/all

This is a free online database of photographs, documents and data relating to the local history of the Borough of Poole. First World War related material currently includes photographs and postcards. New information is uploaded regularly by volunteers.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

http://www.cwgc.org

Imperial War Museum – First World War

http://www.iwm.org.uk/exhibitions/iwm-london/first-world-war-galleries

Recording your Research

Research can be a fun and sometimes frustrating journey. It’s a bit like being a detective, you need to follow clues and try to assemble a story when sometimes some of the pieces are missing.

One tip is to organise and plan your research- create a checklist of what to look at and try not to get side-tracked. Focus on a single line of enquiry at a time or things could get confusing.

Record the sources and documents that you have looked at carefully, this will prevent duplication and also allow anyone reading your notes to follow your processes.

If you're researching online, you may be able to download images of documents, or search results, and save them.

Back up your research, stories and speculation with recorded sources and original documents where possible. This will ensure your research is effective and allow people to understand how and why you reached your conclusions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If I should die, think only this of me:
That there's some corner of a foreign field
That is for ever England. There shall be
In that rich earth a richer dust concealed;
A dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware,
Gave, once, her flowers to love, her ways to roam,
A body of England's, breathing English air,
Washed by the rivers, blest by suns of home.

And think, this heart, all evil shed away,
A pulse in the eternal mind, no less
Gives somewhere back the thoughts by England given;
Her sights and sounds; dreams happy as her day;
And laughter, learnt of friends; and gentleness,
In hearts at peace, under an English heaven.

- Rupert Brooke